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American Indian Warriors Association meets the first Wednesday of the month at 6:30 pm.
Bayside Community Center

2202 Comstock St, San Diego, CA 92111
(858) 278-0771
Get directions

American Indian Warrior Association
October 3, 2012

Enjoying the Pizza pie feast and attending the meeting is Larry ‘Butch’ Strickland, Joaquin Sandoval, VA minority rep. Barbra Pepi, Juan del Rio, Karin and Violet DeCrane, also AIWA President, William Buchanan and Roy Cook.

The business of the American Indian Warriors Association of Oct. 3, 2012 was called to order at 7:02 pm by AIWA President William Buchanan.

He welcomed Barbra Pepi, VA hospital Minority Representative, to the meeting. She brought in goodies for the members and news from the La Jolla VA hospital.

1. Violet Decrane’s class will be going to Washington DC and needed a bit of help to make the trip. AIWA support was M/S/P.

2. William B. reported on volunteer presentations at the Sailor and old Soldiers home in Chula Vista. He also distributed a newsletter from the Great Lakes area and an article on Cecilia Firethunder. Joaquin had William produce copies of Indian Warriors songs for distribution. Larry said the newsletter increased his longing for his reservation on the Great Lakes.

3. Roy C. presented on the regalia craft classes at the AIWA meeting. Lane stitch bead decoration is the first project: Lane stitch is not difficult, it just takes time and patience to do it right. Take care in spacing rows, and be patient enough to take out mistakes. But, the actual time spent beading is only half the time needed. An equal amount of time should be spent on research. If you are really serious about producing several items for Sioux dance clothes or for one item, at least read the references cited in this article, examine photos and actual collections. As mentioned above, there is a "Sioux style" of definite colors and geometric design elements--get familiar with it. Examine items to determine design placement, size, direction of lanes, etc. Learn what items were beaded in the lazy stitch style.


Sioux lazy stitch can usually be recognized by the hard, tight quality of beading. Much, but not all, Sioux lazy stitch has pronounced ridges. The adjacent photos illustrate this description. Use the hints below to achieve this hard, tight quality with ridges. They take practice and time to perfect.

BEADS: Most Sioux work is done in 4/0 Italian beads, not all the old colors are available and substitutes must suffice at times. 11/0 are used if beaded in Czech beads.

(Note: Italian 4/0 seed beads are virtually impossible to find today and are no longer being manufactured. There are many fine old-time colors available in modern Czech beads today.)

1. Thread: If available, sinew is the best. "Harness lace" is also a good substitute and is available from traders. If thread is used, pick one that does not stretch, wax it heavily with bee’s wax, but most importantly pick a heavy enough thread. It should be of sufficient weight so that when doubled it fills the entire hole of the bead, see Fig. 1. In this way the bead can not shift from left to right on the thread. Strip sinew and harness lace to proper thickness to fill hole also. Hard and tight is not achieved by pulling thread super tight, but by thread thickness.

2. Hide: Hard and tight beadwork is a result of a stiff backing. The stiffer parts of an Indian-tanned buckskin hide is ideal. Try to match this when choosing substitutes. Always bead on the side that was next to the meat. Make sure stitches penetrate the center of the hide.

3. Arc: As shown in the photo, an item beaded in lazy stitch fashion is covered with a series of parallel lanes each of which tends to arc a little bit. This arc or hump or ridge is achieved by sewing down 8 beads in a space meant for 7 1/2 beads. Lanes are from 6 - 12 beads in width; with 8 - 9 most common. Lane width will vary in width and number of beads with each beadworker. An even number of beads is quite common.


This series of illustrations follow the basic beading technique. Draw a base line lightly with a pencil (not pen). The knot at the end of the thread will eventually be hidden under beadwork. Do not leave knots on the back side of the leather.

Fig. 2 shows proper way to punch leather with awl. Stitches must catch 1/2 the hide or they will pull out. If not using Indian tanned buckskin, proper penetration cannot be achieved without an awl.

4. Awl must be ground down to size of large needle or use a glover or heavy needle glued in a piece of dowel as in Fig. 3.

To start: knot thread, punch through leather, pull thread on needle through holes and string on 8 beads, Fig. 4. As 8 beads lie next to each other on a line perpendicular to base line, punch next pair of holes ½ bead short of distance spanned by 8 beads, Fig. 4.

Next, pull needle and thread through; pull taught and string on 8. Beads should just barely touch first row. Spacing here is critical, you must avoid bunching and gapping, Figs. 6—8. You will learn spacing with practice. Rip out your mistakes as you go; remember, patience. When you come to the end of a thread, tie it off and sew back under the lane. No knots should show on front or back!!

Figure 5 shows placement of second lane. Beads of first lane may touch those of second, but they don’t have too. Stitches of second lane should be right next to those of first but not interlocking. In design area rows should line up but need not in background area.

Activities and events:

FYI - AIWA: From: Robert Xavier Betancourt Junior <>
Subject: The National Disabled Sailing Championship 24-28 October San Diego
Yes, BAADS will have a children sail day on Wednesday 24 October for FREE.
Please have a life jacket that fits, sneakers and a hat, and of course a camera.
There are some Para-Olympian like Jen French gold medalist competing. I hope you get some autographs.
The sailing MP is competing in the Access 3.03 Wide.

The Round Robin encourages our Veterans to bring out issues and emotions in a supportive, compassionate, environment. Our goal is that participation will further the healing process and bring us all back into the world of harmony and balance again. Juan del Rio shared his recent struggles with the VA and his son’s after service experiences.

OCT 11
Native Amer. Men & Women Wellness Conference
Thurs 8am - 5pm
Sycuan Golf Resort (Not Casino)
3007 Dehisa Rd
El Cajon, CA
Click Here for Flier and Remember to Register

San Diego City Park Tecolote Canyon – Oct. 13, 2012 - Schedule of Events -
8:30 a.m. Botany & Birding Walk
Discover the natural beauty of the canyon and spot our feathered friends that call Tecolote home
10:30 a.m. and 1:30 p.m. Native American Mime and Storyteller
Fun & interactive history lesson performed by Abel Silvas, a.k.a Running Grunion
12:00 p.m. Nyemii Wildcat Singers
Native Americans share their traditional songs
1:00 – 3:00 p.m. Sky Hunters Raptor Education
Learn about our local Owls and Raptors and see them all live and up close
3:00 p.m. Snakes of Tecolote Canyon
All Day Activities Include:
Make a Dream Catcher, Kumeyaay Bear, Beaded Necklace, or Raffia Basket while learning the traditional significance of each craft.
Create a Clay Pot with Juaneño clay artist, Sylvia Mejia.
Design a colorful Sand Painting with Paleontologist, Richard Cerutti.
Enjoy traditional Kumeyaay Games, Basket Weaving Demonstrations and the many Indian Artifacts on display. Explore all that your local Nature Center and Canyon have to offer. Visit exhibits by the Kumeyaay Historical Society, California Native Plant
Yummy Indian Fry Bread and Cold Drinks for Sale

4th Annual PEI- Rincon Honoring Our Native Veterans
Wednesday, November 7, 2012
11:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m.
Indian Health Council, Inc ~Multi Purpose Room
50100 Golsh Road, Valley Center, CA 92082
All Native American Veterans and Guest are welcome.
Please join us to celebrate and recognize our Native American heroes

* Lunch will be provided *

* Presentations *

* Raffles and Prizes *

* and much more *

AIWA welcomes positive ideas for the next months’ meeting of November 7, 2012. With the final police call clean up of the area the AIWA meeting adjourned at 8:15pm.

Respectfully submitted: Roy Cook, AIWA Historian/secretary